Prof. Andrei Geim and Dr. Konstantin Novoselov of the University of Manchester, have been awarded the 2010 Nobel Prize in Physics for their work on graphene. The new physics laureates were announced on October 5, 2010, at the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences in Stockholm.
The two scientists extracted graphene from a piece of graphite using ordinary adhesive tape. According to the definition provided in their 2007 Nature Materials review on the rise of graphene, it is “a flat monolayer of carbon atoms tightly packed into a two-dimensional (2D) honeycomb lattice, and is a basic building block for graphitic materials of all other dimensionalities. It can be wrapped up into 0D fullerenes, rolled into 1D nanotubes or stacked into 3D graphite”. Graphene shows exceptionally high crystal and electronic quality. It is practically transparent and exhibits excellent conducting properties. Graphene’s properties are attractive to materials scientists and electrical engineers for its possible application in super-small transistors, super-dense storage memory, optical (solar cells and flexible touch-screens) and energy-storage devices.
Geim and Novoselov first produced graphene in 2004 by repeatedly peeling away graphite strips with adhesive tape to isolate a single atomic plane. Their 2004 Science paper describing the material and its electrical properties has already been cited more than 3,000 times.
Andre Geim was born in Sochi (USSR) in 1958. He worked as a research scientist at the Institute of Microelectronics Technology of the Russian Academy of Sciences in Chernogolovka, at the University of Nottingham (post-doctoral fellow), the University of Bath and the University of Copenhagen, to become an associate professor at the Radboud University Nijmegen, Netherlands. In 2001, he became Langworthy Professor of Physics at the University of Manchester. He is the director of the Manchester Centre for Mesoscience and Nanotechnology.
Konstantin Novoselov was born in Nizhny Tagil, Russia, in 1974. He completed his PhD studies at the University of Nijmegen before moving to the University of Manchester with his doctoral advisor Andre Geim in 2001.
Novoselov, K. S. et al. (2004). "Electric Field Effect in Atomically Thin Carbon Films". Science 306 (5696): 666. doi:10.1126/science.1102896.
Geim, A. K. and Novoselov, K. S. (2007). "The rise of graphene". Nature Materials 6 (3): 183–191. doi:10.1038/nmat1849.
Individual carbon atoms in motion – video from the TEAM 0.5 microscope
Telephone interview with Andre Geim (telephone interview with Andre Geim immediately following the announcement of the 2010 Nobel Prize in Physics. The interviewer is Adam Smith, Editor-in-Chief of Nobelprize.org)
Milica Ševkušić (On-line editor)
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